Why it is significant to do in-text citation?

What is meant by in text citation?

In the world of academic writing and references, in text citation is a very common and vital aspect. It is that tool which provides the readers with enough information within the essay or academic writing itself thus enabling them an access to the full source and information about the referred item cited at the end of the book or the academic essay.  It is commonly used for any kind of citing, any and all kind of quotation, paraphrases and summaries and is generally contained within the parentheses at the end of the passage or sentence where the citation is made. It is universally acknowledged and used as an easy and convenient form of referencing, and has made its way into some of the most popular reference style patterns in today’s academic world.

The primary features and characteristics

The in text citation has become so popular due to some of its basic easy features and characteristics which make the process of citation far more convenient both for the readers and the academic writer. Some of the primary features and aspects of the in text citations are as follows:

  • It acts as a signpost signaling the location of an academic writer’s source
  • It provides full and proper attribution and credit to the referred author or creator, in a bigger sense.
  • The in text citation is quite a flexible style and is used commonly in ways as the necessity demands, sometimes within brackets and sometimes as a note citation.
  • It comes in a number of citing styles according to the order of appearance of the author name, date of publication, page number etc.
  • It is extensively used in several referencing styles like the APA, MLA, Chicago style etc thus rendering it a mass popularity.
  • This type of citation is mostly used in the fields of Humanities and Social Sciences
  • It can be made anywhere within the academic text and there is no rule at all for making the citation; it can be there after the completion of a sentence, a passage or even just a phrase.

Few examples of this type of citation

A few examples on the uses and formats of the in text citation would probably make the whole thing clear. They have been widely used and therefore taken from various sources and field of literature, Humanities, social studies etc. Some of the basic examples of the in text citations are as listed below:

  • In APA format: E.g. Schuller (2005) found in a study that young people and children before the age of three who were habituated to watching television more than five hours a day were in fact twice as likely to show evidences and signs of ADHD and ADD than those in their teen or adolescent years, a study that actually “places serious health burdens on the television industry” (26).
  • Without Signal Phrase: E.g. The experts have made it very clear over the years that the organic beef ranching industry along with the other organic farming ventures, have all been thoroughly corrupted by the incessant and un unending thought of money making and profit (Kummer 123).
  • Parenthetical citation: “Oftentimes the APA style can be confusing to first-time users” (Thomason, 2002, p. 199).
  • Work by 3- 5 authors: E.g. ‘The reference’ (Reverte, Islip, Montague, James, & Ditto, 2011)
  • Work by 6 or more writers or creators: Name of first author is used followed by an et al. E.g. (James et al., 2012)
  • Work by unknown author/s: E.g. A similar approach was used in measuring the total amount of the refracted light (“Refracting Light,” 2011).
  • Indirect Quotation: If one is quoting from another quoted source, then the second source is generally mentioned. E.g. Johnson argued that “sea cockles are more delicious” than any other sea food item (as cited in Smith, 2003, p. 102).

What is the significance of in text citation?

The significance of the in text citation in the academic world are indeed manifold and truly deserve mention due to its various advantages and benefits, which come both for the academic writer and the readers as well. Few of such significance of the in text citations are mentioned below:

  • It allows the readers to fully comprehend and verify a cited source: This is very important for an academic work to be praised. A good citation and a good comprehension by the readers can take a work mile ahead.
  • It shows evidence on the writer’s part of a good research and study on the particular subject or topic: It proves the present author’s wide range of research and study and provides credibility to his or her thoughts and points of argument.
  • It is the basis of the academic world: Since ideas are widely considered the currency of academia, it is only natural that any author would expect credit for his contribution and denying someone that would be like denying someone his money’s worth which is universally considered a cheating. Thus in text citation enables writers to acknowledge credit for every small references they make in their academic essay or research paper.
  • It shows respectability and a good geniality: It advances gentleman like behavior enhancing the respectability of both the writer and the referred author, and thus helps to maintain peace in the academic world
  • A proper citation can be the making of a good academic writing: A rich in text citation helps the writer to upgrade the standard of his academic essay which can fetch him good reviews and praises for his efforts and studies.
  • It helps in supporting and in progressing the writer’s point: It helps in carrying forward an argument or a point on the writer’s part and thus upgrades his academic writing or essay.
  • It makes the readers aware of the various works on the particular topic or subject: It offers the readers to follow up the works of the referred authors in case they are not acquainted to those.