What are advantages and disadvantages of using the interview method?

Any conversation that has been initiated with the purpose to acquire some requisite information can be considered as an interview.  The person who initiates the conversation is referred to as the Interviewer and the individual who is questioned is known as the Interviewee.  The conversation between any such two people should be free-flowing without any interference from an outside source. However, during such conversation, both the person should talk in a relevant manner without deviating from the chief purpose of the interview. This topic will provide a deep insight about the benefits and drawbacks of conducting interviews to obtain information.

The need for Interview Method:

The collection of data can be achieved in various ways. One such method of gathering information is termed as ‘Interview Method’. Interview method produces both qualitative and quantitative measures for the gathering of data. Interviews have an array of applications ranging from accurate predictions to interviewee’s performance for job for future etc. Interviews method offers an easy approach for procuring a favorable impression upon the interviewers, thus making a seat in the organization or in the job.

Interviews play a quintessential part to perform a detailed reasoning and understanding of any issue or information. It is also applicable for informative decision-making, and strategic planning of work, like in case of research essay. However, there are certain merits and demerits of interview method, whichare broadly described below.

Method for Interviews:

Interviews can be done verbally with the physical presence or it can achieve over the digital technology like telephones or over internet calling facilities’ like Skype or video chats. However, interviewer prefers to conduct the interview in the physical presence of the interviewee. This facilitates the perfect share of information.

The Merits of the Interview Method:
Some of the benefits of Interview method are enumerated as follows:

  • Proper Adaptability – Interview method is quite effective when it comes in communicating personal opinions, perceptions and thoughts. It allows both the interviewer and the interviewee to share balanced opinions without creating any diversion in the communication channel.
  • Rectification – Occurrence of any misinterpretation and miscommunication can be easily avoided, and rectified owing to the physical presence of both the interviewer and the candidate in front of each other.
  • Build up of relationship –Physical presence can prompt the development of a cooperative relationship and mutual understanding between the interviewee and the interviewer thus encourages for maintaining a steady conversation.
  • Additional Information are Obtained – Any additional detailed information is obtained in reference to any discussed content, with sharing of ideas about different fields of same context.
  • Selection of Interviewee – Physical presence can be of immense help as it enhances the chances to select the particular candidate during any interview procedure.
  • Gathering of primary data – Authentic, accurate data is obtained during the interview procedure, thereby helps to maintain the stock of primary data, which can be summoned when secondary data fails to offer necessary information.
  • Saves time – Interview method is by far, turns out to be time saving procedure for collection of data. It bridges the communication gap, thus communication can be accomplished within a short instant of time.
  • Inexpensive – Since the communication techniques like telephone, Skype chat are notemployed, therefore it prompts an easy, inexpensive means for communicating between two people.
  • Clear the doubts – Interview method turns out to be a boon for paper writing service, as it explores different sectors, highlighting the same topic from different referential views, thereby ensures a strong standpoint for any discussed work, thus providing conclusive results.
  • In-depth study – Interview method provides another noteworthy result as it allows both the interviewer and interviewee to ‘think outside the box’. It allows accumulating a vast array of ideas, thereby helps in formulating the accurate data for writing the paperwork.
  • Solves extra cost – While investigation method calls the need to hire local agents and correspondents, it therefore adds an extra financial burden to the procedure of data collection. Interview method, does not require the need for the 3rd person to bridge the communication barrier. Thus, it prevents the extra cash flow. In addition, it averts the growth of conflict between the agents, thereby curbing inconsistencies.
  • Flexibility – Another advantage worth mentioning is the flexibility, which allows the situations to be analyzed and framed differently, thereby allows both the interviewer and interviewee to affiance over different topics.

The Drawbacks of Interview Method:

In spite of having several advantages over other data acquiring techniques, there are certain drawbacks, which stand to be a hindrance for interview method. Some of them are broadly discussed as:

  • Time-consuming – An interview procedure can be conducted over a large span of time, especially in the case of interviewing any eye witnesses for cases like murders or any criminal acts, just to arrive at some conclusive data. Also, interpretations of the results can be conducted in several ways, thus making the method prolong.
  • Biasing of judgment – Interview methods produce biased judgments owing to the decision of the interviewers and wrong information provided by the interviewee.
  • Incomplete procedure – As the interview is conducted upon preferred candidates, therefore certain ideas misses out which widens communication gap.
  • Improper skill of interviewer – Many interviewers lack cooperative and communicative skills owing which leads to failure for collecting of accurate data. This results in producing disingenuous and erroneous outcomes.
  • No maintenance of record – Since the interview procedures are carried out verbally, therefore an accurate record of the verbal exchange is generally made. This sometimes, may tamper with the final evidence, thus producing erroneous data.
  • Shyness – Interviewee often feel shy, uncomfortable when they are subjected to certain fields of talk. This can conclude with failed disappointed results. Thus, the subject of interview should be carefully chosen which may not harm the integrity of the candidate.
  • Requires dedication – For conducting an interview, there should be cooperation between the interviewee and interviewer, so as to obtain the accurate information. This procedure requires patience, and conflicting situations needs to manage in an influential manner. Conflicts may be able to widen the communication barrier.

Thus from the above discussion, it is lucid that the interview method is, by far, one of the successive methods for accumulating records. Due to certain flaws, especially social cues, which can sometimes act as a hindrance to this system of data compilation.

What are the major classifications of the interview method?

What different classifications govern the interview method?

What is an interview?

An interview consists of the conversation and consequent exchange of information, between two people or more. The interviewer asks questions of various genres to get appropriate and required facts and information from the interviewee. Interviews are an integral part of journalism;nonetheless, it also has enormous importance in qualitative research.

What should be kept in mind while facing the interviewers?

While facing interviewers, the applicant should understand the importance of the situation and therefore out in his/her best as these interviews play a very decisive role in shaping up a student’s career. The applicant should be confident and should be able to clearly communicate with the interviewer. He/she should know what to do exactly in order to make himself /herself acceptable to work in the company for which he/she is being interviewed.

What are the various classifications in interview methods?

  • Situational Interview:In these interviews, the interviewee is given situations and he/she has to elucidate what he/she would have done had they been in that situation. The interviewer analyses the answers and marks the applicant accordingly.
  • Traditional Interview: It is the typical kind of interview where the interviewer has a fixed structure for the process. There is a formal introductions followed by a question-answer procedure which is followed by a brief close.
  • Non-Directive Interview:This type of interview does not adhere to any specific structure. It is more of a conversation rather than a typical stringently structured interview. The interviewer might not intervene at all and judge the applicant on the basis of how well he/she has been able to communicate his/her skills, interests and capabilities.
  • Behavioural Interviews:These interviews are designed to gauge the reaction and the basic nature of the applicant, by making them reveal about their past behaviour in various situations. It has been observed that it becomes difficult to analyse the behaviour of an employee through structured interviews, hence many companies are using this technique to judge their employees better.
  • Screening Interviews:These interviews are typically scheduled for 30 minutes and are held during on-campus recruiting in various colleges and universities. Screening interviews might be styled in various ways: nondirective, traditional, targeted etc.
  • The On-Campus Interview: This interview is a very crucial and decisive one. The applicant should present himself in a manner that will satisfy the needs of the company. Here, the applicant has to sell himself/herself in the market effectively.
  • Structured Interview: This kind of interview includes situational questions along with other assessing questions. The same set of questions are asked to the different candidates. Such a method avoids any sort of bias that the interviewer might practice during judging the candidates.
  • Unstructured Interview:This kind of interview consists of questions that vary from person to person. It depends on the resume of the applicant. Such unstructured methods are often tricky for the applicants, as they have to be very careful about their demeanour, even in casual situations.
  • Semi-Structured Interview: This type is an amalgamation of both unstructured and structured patterns of interview. The interviewer asks a set of predefined questions to all the candidates along with certain question that pertain particularly to the candidate’s resume and his/her course work.
  • Case Interview:This kind of interview is prevalently held in consulting firms where the interviewee is tested for his ability of solving problems instantly. Logical comprehension, general and business knowledge along with communicative and quantitative skills are also tested.
  • Testing/Assessment:This procedure is undertaken as an initial screening method and has proven to be an expensive procedure on part of the employer. It is conducted to judge the consistency of a candidate in carrying out a specific task.
  • Telephone Interview:This interview is an effective way of screening candidates and reduce the number of candidates to be called to personal interviews. The candidate should keep a professional mind set during the interview even if it is not being taken face to face.
  • Video Conferencing: Video conferencing is conducted to cover up the distance between the employer and the applicant. The attire, attitude and dialogue are essential attributes that should be given special attention to while on a video conferenced interview.
  • Panel Interview:This kind of interview is conducted by more than two interviewers. Questions to the candidate is thrown from the interviewers and the candidate has to keep his/her cool while facing the panel. This kind of interview is aimed to lessen any bias pertaining to any interviewer.
  • Group Interview: This kind of interview involves simultaneous conduction of interviews of various candidates fighting for the same job. These interviews judge the applicant’s leadership skills and his/her capability to work with other employees. The interviewers get an idea of how the applicant is likely to behave if employed.
  • Sequential/Serial Interview:This type of interview involves the entire interview process to be conducted in a series of steps. The interviewee has to first give an interview to an interviewer then go to another one and thus the process of interviewing takes place serially. The interviewers judge the candidate heavily on the basis of the first impression they leave on the interviewers. The interviewers then together discuss the capability of the candidate and give the verdict about their employment.
  • General Group Interview/Information Session: This kind of interview is adopted so that time is saved and also so that the candidates are well aware of the details of the job and the company. This session is followed by the personal interview.

What is the role of interview methods in research and journalism?

For research essay or any qualitative purpose, the interviewer enquires about every aspect under consideration to get the most accurate results. The answers are many a times recorded so that it stands as proof. For any research paper, raw data is extremely essential and it is best got from people through well-organised interviews. For journalists, interview is the basic fundamental of any coverage. Getting an interview, getting out interesting and needful facts is an essential part of the journalists.

Interviews have a lot of impact on one’s professional career and therefore, should be prepared well.